As seen here: https://www.gamblingsites.com/online-gambling-jurisdictions/
An online company needs a license for gambling. I imagine Bethesda for example follows the laws and has a license for it in ESO with their loot boxes (which is a form of gambling). Many online MMOs are however made by smaller companies, and if they are in the US, if they have anything that could be similar to gambling (most common one is the RNG loot boxes found on their cash shop) they would need a license for that.
And this is a site that describes gamblinghttps://www.what-is-gambling.com/
Quote: "Gambling involves risking something of value on an uncertain event in hopes of winning something of greater value"
That means buying a loot box involves something of value (real money) in hopes of getting a better item or in other words, something of greater value within the loot box.
I see little in the way of MMO companies however abiding this law and having a license, as I can't find anywhere that says Bethesda has a license to gamble in their loot boxes. Maybe they don't make it publically known.
But it isn't just Bethesda that needs one. Any company with loot boxes or something that has a CHANCE of greater value than the money is worth needs a gambling license. There is no other way to describe loot boxes but gambling, as seen in the site I linked which describes the exact description of gambling which means also loot boxes. The company however can make the loot boxes WORSE and not worth paying for, because then it wouldn't be of "greater value".
Is there any place to see MMOs that have an appropriate gambling license? That is for US MMO companies only, as I am unsure of gambling laws outside of the US. So places in Europe/Asia or even Canada may not apply the same laws.
My Skyrim, Fallout 4, Starbound and WoW + other game mods at MODDB: