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Curing in Achaea can be a little confusing at first, there's so many dfiferent things and different concepts that are just plain foreign to the average MMO player. We're here to help though! Firstly, there are three different kinds of cures: elixirs, salves and herbs. Each kind has its own cooldown -- compare it to how long it takes your liver to be ready for more Tylenol, it's the same concept. Elixirs are the longest cooldown, followed by herbs, followed by salves; however, some things take longer cooldowns than others, such as the restoration salve.
Here are the most common curatives you'll be using, as well as their alchemy counterparts (Alchemy is an alternative to concoctions -- it's like today's medicine compared to "natural" medicine, except they're exactly the same performance wise.)
Health - Vitality Elixir: Cures roughly 10% of your health. This is like an instant-heal without a mana-cost or cast time.
Mana - Mentality Elixir: Cures roughly 10% of your mana.
Moss - Potash: Cures 10% of your health AND mana, has its own cooldown.
Mending - Renewal Salve: Cures a mildly broken limb (think falling the stairs broken)
Restoration - Reconstructive Salve: Slightly cures a severely broken limb so that you can use mending / renewal next (think sledgehammer to the arm several times broken)
Epidermal - Sensory Salve: Cures anorexia.
Bloodroot - Magnesium: Cures paralysis.
Kelp - Aurum: Cures asthma.
Smoking Valerian - Cinnabar: Cures slickness.
Goldenseal - Plumbum: Cure stupidity (this is an affliction, I'm not insulting you!)
Hope this helps some! Remember, if you have any questions, you can always ask on NEWBIE, or by TELLing Romeo or Juliet, or by HNTing your question.